Horizontal County Logo
Cumberland County Logo white - Horizontal

Water and Sewage

This section is responsible for inspections and/or permitting for:

  • Inspections and permits for septic systems
  • Well inspections and water analysis sampling
  • Rabies Clinics
  • Solid Waste
  • Tattoo Establishments
  • Swimming Pools 

User fees are in effect for many of the services provided by the Environmental Health Division.

On-Site Wastewater Program Forms

(a2)/LSS Permitting:

Authorized On-Site Wastewater Evaluator (AOWE) Permit Option:

Authorized On-Site Wastewater Evaluator designation is provided for any individual who is licensed as a soil scientist pursuant to Chapter 89F of the General Statutes and further certified under conditions developed and administered by the North Carolina On-Site Wastewater Contractors and Inspectors Certification Board may.  The LSS can prepare signed and sealed soil and site evaluations, specifications, plans, and reports for the site layout, construction, operation, and maintenance of a wastewater system in accordance with § 130A-336.2. An Authorized On-Site Wastewater Evaluator shall not perform any of the functions performed by a professional engineer for engineered wastewater systems described in G.S. 130A-336.1.

Engineered Option Permitting (EOP):

Engineered Option Permitting (EOP) allows a professional engineer licensed under Chapter 89C of the General Statutes to design and permit a wastewater system for a property owner.   The licensed engineer prepares signed and sealed drawings, specifications, plans, and reports for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of the wastewater system in accordance with this section and rules adopted thereunder.

Duties include but are not limited to:

  1. Site/soil evaluations for the purpose of installing new on-site septic tank systems and for the repair of existing septic tank systems (includes layout of system).
  2. Site evaluations for the issuance of new drinking water well permits. Watch well grouts and collect water samples from new wells.
  3. Maintains registration list of all septic tank contractors doing work in Cumberland County.
  4. Does inspections of new septic tank systems. Inspections of existing systems for repairs.
  5. Draws septic tank system layout on plot plans as requested.
  6. Consults with engineers, soil scientists, builders, etc. concerning layout and design of septic tank systems.
  7. Does routine inspections of certain types of septic tank systems.
  8. Does inspections of some private water wells (as requested).
  9. Collects water samples from private water wells as requested provided our office has a Well Construction Record (GW-1) on file). If there is no GW-1 record on file, one may contact a private lab to have a water sample collected.
  10. Issues occupancy permits for those manufactured homes that are placed on individual lots before electrical services are energized.
  11. Investigates all complaints associated with this section.

The Septic System Permitting Process

  1. The applicant must be the owner of record or must be given permission by the owner via a short-term power of attorney to execute applications for permits on the owner’s behalf. When an application is made for a septic tank permit(s), a site plan of the property is required. The site plan is a drawing showing the shape and size of the property, the state road number, and the driveway and house (or other buildings) located on the property. This site plan must include setbacks (or distance) from the highway right-of-way and at least one other property line to give a location of where the structure will be placed. A diagram from GIS may be printed to assist you if needed.
  2. Fees are assessed and based on requested services. View the current fee schedule. Once fees are paid, the applicant is assigned to an Environmental Health Specialist.
  3. Some situations may require the Environmental Health Specialist contacting the applicant to schedule an appointment prior to performing the evaluation. In case of an emergency, the applicant can contact the Environmental Health Onsite office in person or via phone.
  4. Before the Department evaluates the property, the applicant should rough-stake the area that needs to be evaluated and stake the location of the structure (house, mobile home, business, etc.).
  5. An evaluation of the property is made. If the property is suitable for the intended use, the property must be surveyed and a plat submitted for final review with the associated plat fee. If no survey is required, a permit is filed.
  6. The permit can be released upon receipt of the proper zoning permit and any other of all applicable fees.
  7.  Once the applicant has a proper zoning permit and Environmental Health permit, he or she may apply for permits at the Building Inspections Department. 

Items Needed to Process a Water and Sewer Authorization

  • Septic tank has been installed and inspection completed.
  • Well has been installed and inspection completed.
  • A completed well log by the well contractor must be on file in the office. 
  • A bacteriological test will be collected for all new private drinking water wells. The applicant/owner must pay for any subsequent water samples. It is the applicant's responsibility to provide an electrical source and arrange a water test in order for the water sample to be taken. The test can be done by either the Environmental Health Specialist assigned to you, or by a NC State Certified private lab. If the test is performed by the Environmental Health Specialist, results will be available in approximately one week. If you have a private lab do the test, the sample must be collected by a certified lab technician from that laboratory. The nitrate, nitrite, and inorganic water samples are for information only, but they are required by the State of North Carolina. The applicant/owner must pay for any subsequent water samples.  

Once everything has been completed, the Environmental Health Specialist completes a water and sewer authorization. A copy of that form is forwarded to Building Inspections so that a final inspection and permanent power can be obtained.

Links of Interest
NC DHHS On Site Wastewater Rules .1900 Rules
NC DHHS On-Site Water Protection Section
NC Certified Septic Contractors and Inspectors List 
NC Licensed Soil Scientist Directory

The Private Well Class - Free Online Training for Homeowners with Water Wells

If you would like to receive information from Cumberland County Department of Public Health about the well and/or septic system located on your property, please email email envelope

Office Hours
Monday – Friday 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. (except holidays)

Payment Hours 
Monday – Thursday 8:30 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Friday 8:30 a.m. - 12 p.m.

NCDHHS Environmental Health Section

Wells and Wastewater is located in the Historic Courthouse Basement at 130 Gillespie Street.

Safe Water Task Force

Waste Management GIS Data and Maps can be accessed on the NC Environmental Quality webpage.

  • Contact Us

    Phone: 910-433-3667
    Historic Courthouse:

    130 Gillespie St
    Fayetteville, NC 28301

    Health Department Accreditation  
    Fax: 910-323-6142

    Contact Us

    Phone: 910-433-3667
    Fax: 910-323-6142
    Historic Courthouse:

    130 Gillespie St
    Fayetteville, NC 28301

    Health Department Accreditation